Mourning loved ones who passed away within a year during Qing Ming

(Image source: Perpetual Memorial Park)

The 100th day after death (Bai Ri) and the anniversary of death (Dui Nian) are important dates for paying respects to the deceased. The former is the 100th day after the deceased's death, while the latter is the first anniversary of the deceased's death.

According to traditional history and culture, there is an important rule for sweeping tombs at Qing Ming: new graves before Chun She and old graves before Qing Ming. This means that those who have been buried for less than three years have to be swept before the Chun She Festival, while those who have been at rest for more than three years have to be swept before the Qing Ming Festival to pay homage to their ancestors.

Legend has it that for the first three years after death, the deceased are considered "new souls" in the underworld, and during this time the offerings of the mortal world may be contested by other souls, making it difficult for the new deceased to receive offerings from the mortal world.

Also, those who have died less than a year ago cannot be worshipped with their ancestors in old graves. In other words, if you want to pay homage to the deceased who have been dead for a year or less, you should choose a day before the Chun She Festival to pay homage to your deceased loved ones.

It is recommended that the time of worship be between 10am and 12pm, and the rituals should follow the usual practice of ancestor worship, while the offerings can be prepared according to the traditional Three Sacrifices, Four Fruits and glutinous rice balls.

As a thoughtful reminder, the number of glutinous rice balls in each bowl must be an even number to represent completeness and good fortune. On the day of Qing Ming Festival, you can pay homage to the ancestors of past generations.

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